You are here: Home Persons 31 - Balmford

James Balmford

Research Scientist

Photo - James Balmford 
Phone: ++49 (0)761 203-6709
Fax: ++49 (0)761 203-6680
Medical Biometry and Statistics, Stefan-Meier-Str. 26
Room no.: 01-022

Research Interests

  • Tobacco control policy evaluation
  • Smoking cessation and relapse prevention
  • Effect of nicotine on memory consolidation
  • Modelling dementia incidence (in collaboration with Nadine Binder, Institute for Prevention and Cancer Epidemiology, University Clinic Freiburg)




  • Relapse prevention study (with Queen Mary University of London and Cancer Council Victoria, Australia)
  • International Tobacco Control 4-Country Survey
  • International Tobacco Control Europe Survey
  • Analysis of dementia incidence using the Framingham Heart Study data


Selected Publications

Binder N, Blümle A, Balmford J, Motschall E, Oeller P, Schumacher M. Cohort studies were found to be frequently biased by missing disease information due to death. J Clin Epidemiol. 2019 Jan;105:68-79.

Borland R, Li L, Balmford J. The association between the nature of the goal committed to and quitting smoking. Health Educ Res. 2017 Dec 1;32(6):546-554.

Yong HH, Borland R, Balmford J, Hitchman SC, Cummings KM, Driezen P, Thompson ME. Prevalence and Correlates of the Belief That Electronic Cigarettes are a Lot Less Harmful Than Conventional Cigarettes Under the Different Regulatory Environments of Australia and the United Kingdom. Nicotine Tob Res. 2017 Feb;19(2):258-263.

Borland R, Balmford J, Swift E. Effects of Encouraging Rapid Implementation and/or Structured Planning of Quit Attempts on Smoking Cessation Outcomes: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Behav Med. 2015 Oct;49(5):732-42.

Yong HH, Borland R, Balmford J, McNeill A, Hitchman S, Driezen P, Thompson ME, Fong GT, Cummings KM. Trends in E-Cigarette Awareness, Trial, and Use Under the Different Regulatory Environments of Australia and the United Kingdom. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Oct;17(10):1203-11.

Balmford J, Swift E, Borland R. Reported planning before and after quitting and quit success: retrospective data from the ITC 4-Country Survey. Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Sep;28(3):899-906.

Balmford J, Borland R. How do smokers use a smoking cessation text messaging intervention? Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 Dec;16(12):1586-92.

Balmford J, Leifert JA, Schulz C, Elze M, Jaehne A. Implementation and effectiveness of a hospital smoking cessation service in Germany. Patient Educ Couns. 2014 Jan;94(1):103-9.

Yong HH, Borland R, Balmford J, Hyland A, O'Connor RJ, Thompson ME, Spittal MJ. Heaviness of smoking predicts smoking relapse only in the first weeks of a quit attempt: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four-Country Survey. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014 Apr;16(4):423-9.

Balmford J, Borland R, Benda P, Howard S. Factors associated with use of automated smoking cessation interventions: findings from the eQuit study. Health Educ Res. 2013 Apr;28(2):288-99.

Borland R, Balmford J, Benda P. Population-level effects of automated smoking cessation help programs: a randomized controlled trial. Addiction. 2013 Mar;108(3):618-28.

Balmford J, Borland R, Hammond D, Cummings KM. Adherence to and reasons for premature discontinuation from stop-smoking medications: data from the ITC Four-Country Survey. Nicotine Tob Res. 2011 Feb;13(2):94-102.

Borland R, Yong HH, Balmford J, Cooper J, Cummings KM, O'Connor RJ, McNeill A, Zanna MP, Fong GT. Motivational factors predict quit attempts but not maintenance of smoking cessation: findings from the International Tobacco Control Four country project. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010 Oct;12 Suppl:S4-11.



University of Freiburg Research Database:

[2020] [2019] [2018] [2017] [2016] [Older publications]

Short CV

  • 2019-present: Research Scientist, Institute for Medical Biometry and Statistics
  • 2015-2018: Consultant to Relapse Prevention Project, Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom
  • 2008-2014: Behavioural Scientist, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
  • 2010-2013: Evaluation Officer, Cancer Prevention Team, University Clinic Freiburg
  • 2004-2008: PhD, Monash University, Melbourne 'Refining stages of change for smoking cessation'
  • 1999-2008: Research Officer, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Australia


Edit personal page